In order to encourage Afghan communities towards the integration of people with disabilities into all aspects of life, a strategy of Community Based Rehabilitation and Inclusive Education has been developed. All of Serve Afghanistan’s activities are stepping stones for people with disabilities to become a part of their communities with a new-found self-confidence and dignity.
- Serve Afghanistan has programmes for the deaf and blind across 3 regions including primary and secondary education using an inclusive education approach.
- Afghan Sign Language: We emphasise empowering the deaf to take a lead role in the development of the Afghan Sign Language Dictionary and Sign Language Grammar book. This is having a major impact on a national level. Serve Afghanistan supported the first enrolment of deaf students into university.
- Blind Students: Serve Afghanistan is committed to support the integration of blind students into regular schools as the “rule” rather than the exception. By transcribing the National Educational Curriculum into Braille, blind students are able to study alongside their sighted peers in public schools. Some of these students have achieved the highest honours in their class and have received awards from the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs Martyrs and Disabled.
- Orientation and Mobility: Physiotherapists and field workers teach blind clients how to be aware of and manage their surroundings. Blind adults also receive vocational training and small business loans to support their families.
- Community Based Rehabilitation: Local village committees, together with CBR workers, volunteers and family members of persons with disabilities, are actively involved in their own communities in raising awareness, doing referrals, integrating children with disabilities into schools, organising vocational training and providing rehabilitative training to people with disabilities.
Rather than bringing aid to communities, Serve Afghanistan works to support the development of the capacities and strengths within communities in order to create self-reliance. We value local knowledge, realising that people closest to the problems understand them best. We support the community to identify causes of their problems and let them come up with solutions. In this way Serve Afghanistan has seen communities become responsive and responsible in tackling problems such as poverty, illiteracy, deforestation, etc.
As needs and situations change, Serve Afghanistan will continue to seek to empower communities to respond to their own problems in ways that work for them.
- Self Help Groups: Community members are encouraged to work together to identify priorities, develop solutions and advocate for themselves. Members also receive broad-based training which includes topics such as health, gender equality, small business development, advocating for thri own needs and rights, leadership, community decision making, environment and disaster mitigation.
- Animal Husbandry: Development of a sustainable animal husbandry system by providing one-and-a-half-year-old heifers and year-old goats to poor and vulnerable families as a means of income generation, improvement of dairy farming, and broader development.
- Adult Literacy: Establishment of literacy courses for adults in Dari and Pashto, the two official languages in the country, and in Pashai, the mother tongue of the Pashai people, a minority language.
- Pashai Language Development: Development of the Pashai minority language through teacher training in Pashai and teaching Pashai, Pashai primer classes, a Multi-Lingual Education programme for Pashai children and the publishing of Pashai books and reading materials.
- Disaster Mitigation: Mobilising and encouraging the participation of vulnerable peoples in community rehabilitation of drainage systems to reduce flood damage.
- Small Business Development: for example tailoring, pasta making, handicrafts, home nurseries, bee keeping and other as suitable for the location and people involved.